- Rail Transport
- The first railroad was opened for service in 1877 under British rule, connecting Rangoon (Yangon) with Prome (Pyay). By 1941, Burma had an extensive rail system, totalling 4,600 kilometers (2,852 miles) of track, including the spectacular Gokteik Viaduct in what is now Shan State, constructed by American engineers between 1899 and 1903. Most rail links were inoperable by the end of World War II, and the system further suffered from the insurgencies and instability of the late 1940s and early 1950s. According to government statistics, Burma's track mileage totalled 5,837 kilometers (3,619 miles) in 1997-1998. There has been construction of new rail links since the State Law and Order Restoration Council seized power in 1988. Like the wartime Thai-Burma Railway, these projects have often involved the use of forced labor.
Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). Donald M. Seekins . 2014.
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